5 most dangerous borders in the world

Historical rivalry, economic inequalities, and disputes between neighbouring nations makes borders between them unsafe.
One of the most dangerous borders in the world lies between Iraq and Iran, running exactly from the Shatt-al-Arab river to the Turkish border. Though the boundary has been defined for hundreds of years, disputes over the territory (specifically, over use of the river) have been ongoing. In 1980, Iraq accused Iran of illegally occupying Iraqi territory and launched missiles. Eight years and 1 million lives later, the two countries signed a UN peace resolution. Even this, however, did not stop fighting, and cross-border attacks have continued.

The border between Pakistan and Afghanistan is called the Durand Line and stretches for 1,510 miles. The disputes here date back over many years and in recent times, the border was disputed by the Taliban and later the Afghanistan president in 2001. In 2003, military forces from both sides were involved in armed conflict there and 4 years later, Pakistan began constructing fence lines as a means to keep Taliban militants from crossing. The danger here is in the lack of government control with people on all side carrying arms, and this site sees illegal smuggling, murders, and kidnappings. Most recently, a major highway connecting the two countries was closed down due to a disagreement over a Pakistani-constructed gate. The dispute ended in cross-border shootings that left 3 dead and 24 wounded.

China/North Korea
China and North Korea are separated by two rivers, the Tumen and Yalu, and the Paektu mountains. The border here has poor security and receives many people fleeing North Korea. Over the last decade, both countries have begun to construct fences and walls. Since the beginning of Kim Jong-Il’s regime and with increased North Korean immigrants in China, territorial disputes have become a concern. There have also been reports of North Korean soldiers crossing the border to steal food and money as low-level officers receive small food rations. In April 2016, China deployed around 2,000 troops to the border after reports that Pyongyang is planning nuclear testing. China has confirmed that 3 Chinese citizens were killed along the border, investigations are pending.

Disputes between Colombia and Ecuador have increased in recent years due to a Colombian rebel group referred to as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (the People’s Army or FARC). On various occasions, the Colombian government has sent military troops into Ecuadorian territory in an attempt to attack the group. FARC members have invaded land along the border and are an extremely violent group using mortars and landmines which have forced thousands of indigenous members off of their tribal land. This group is responsible for killing over 200,000 people in the last fifty years. Recent murder rates in border towns have reached as high as 96 per 100,000 people. Because the Ecuadorian president argued that Colombian military had no permission to cross the border, the Colombian government has accused Ecuador of harboring terrorists. Ecuador has since increased efforts to remove FARC.

One of the deadliest terror groups in the world, the insurgency of Boko Haram, can be found along the Niger-Chad border. To fight this group, Chad has sent 2,000 troops to a border town located, Bosso, on the Niger side. Violence in this town has sent more than 17,000 people fleeing. Since the arrival of the troops, 32 soldiers (30 from Chad and 2 from Niger and 55 terrorists have lost their lives. These two countries have had joint army operations since the beginning of 2015.

Yemen/Saudi Arabia
The 1,100-mile border between Yemen and Saudi Arabia has seen very high levels of violence. The two countries have experienced violent conflict for the last 65 years. Saudi Arabia has seen an increase in smuggled weapons, Al Qaeda terrorists, and economic refugees (from Ethiopia, Yemen, and Somalia) that prompted the government to build a wall. Yemen opposes the barrier stating that it infringes upon shepherd grazing rights. The two countries have officially been at war since March 2015. An estimated 6,000 civilians and soldiers have been killed since the beginning of the war. In one day alone, 15 missiles and 130 mortars are launched into Saudi Arabia.

Bangladesh and India share a 2,545 mile long border, one of the longest in the world. The border is intricate and made up of confusing enclaves, sometimes with Indian land surrounded by Bangladeshi territory within Indian territory! It is a common route for smuggled goods from India to Bangladesh and undocumented immigrants from Bangladesh to India. Due to the high levels of immigration, Indian Border Security Forces have a shoot on sight policy. Although sometimes, “illegal crossings” are a result of the complicated border lines and is an attempt to reach separate Bangladeshi territory. This kill on sight policy has led to over 1,000 deaths between 2000 and 2010.

The Mexico-US border runs from California to Texas for a total of 1,989 miles, and has the highest number of legal, annual border crossings in the world. It passes near large urban areas and over desolate deserts. The approximately 20,000 border patrol agents are clustered around big cities effectively leaving the desert unguarded. This pushes the 500,000 people trying to cross the border illegally into the desert where several hundred die every year. The zone is particularly dangerous in the El Paso-Juarez region which is known for narcotics traffickers who smuggle drugs, weapons, and people over the border. Hundreds of individuals have died here after violent encounters between the police and gang groups. The violence has spread into American territory.

The border dispute between Israel and Syria date back many years. In the early 1920s, Britain drew the borders giving the Syrian side to France. Then again later to include the Golan Heights. It is this area that has been heavily contested for nearly 100 years. The two countries have been at war several times taking control of various pieces of land. Today, the border is a live battle zone with bullets flying from both sides. The violence has markedly increased since the Syrian Civil War began.

The India-Pakistan border is 1,800 miles of heavily guarded and extremely dangerous land. It is so heavily guarded that it is the only border seen from space due to the high voltage flood lights on the Indian side. Since the 1947 partition which saw hundreds of thousands die, the countries have fought in 3 other wars and spent at least 25 years disputing claims to the Kashmir province as well as a mountain glacier. The number of casualties has passed the 50,000 lives mark.

South Korea/North Korea
The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) is the 160-mile boundary between North and South Korea. This area is heavily guarded by troops on both sides and is complete with barbed wire and active landmines. The end of the Korean War did nothing to end hostilities between the two nations, they have been warring for more than 60 years and do not recognize each other’s sovereign status. Hundreds of people have died under these tense circumstances, including American citizens. Tensions are so heavy that the DMZ was created as a sort of buffer zone to keep the countries and their respective military forces at a safe distance from each other. Anyone who tries to cross the line will be shot.

Thai cave rescue: Second phase of rescue underway

The second phase is underway of the rescue of the boys and their coach trapped in a cave in Thailand, officials said. The rescue operation started around 11 a.m. local time (midnight ET) and will take several hours.

The Reuters news service, citing a witness, is reporting that rescue workers have carried the first person to be pulled out in this phase on a stretcher to an ambulance.

The boys, ages 11-16, and their 25-year-old coach became stranded when they went exploring in the cave after a practice game. Monsoon flooding blocked off their escape and prevented rescuers from finding them for almost 10 days.

The four who were rescued were taken to a hospital in Chiang Rai for evaluation. Two divers were assigned to each child to help them navigate the dangerous, narrow passageways. It could take two to four days complete the mission, officials said.

On Friday, the death of a former Thai navy SEAL underscored the risks. The diver, the first fatality of the rescue effort, was working in a volunteer capacity and died on a mission to place oxygen canisters along the route.

Chiang Rai acting Gov. Narongsak Osottanakorn said Saturday that mild weather and falling water levels in recent days had created the “perfect” conditions for an underwater evacuation. Those conditions won’t last if the rain resumes, he said.

Heavy rain started falling as soon as the four were removed from the cave. Narongsak said experts told him the new rain could shrink the unflooded space where the boys are sheltering to 108 square feet.

9 Excellent Benefits Of Cumin Water You Never Knew

Cumin seed, or jeera, is a popular cooking ingredient used in India and many parts of Asia. The strong flavor and tepid aroma of cumin, combined with its numerous health benefits, has made it an indispensable spice. Cumin water is used as a natural remedy for a number of health problems, including various skin and hair conditions.

You don’t need to search for a recipe to make cumin water, all you have to do is boil some cumin seeds in water. Here are some of the health benefits of drinking cumin water.

1. Boosts Digestion
Drinking a glass of cumin water every day helps you deal with indigestion. Cumin water not only stimulates the secretion of digestive enzymes but also accelerates the digestion process, thus helping you fight gut issues. It clears toxins from your body and provides relief from stomach-related problems like acidity, abdominal gas, morning sickness, and nausea.

2. Rehydrates The Body
Drinking cumin water every day rehydrates your body and keeps the body temperature cool. By preventing dehydration, it also prevents water retention. And with the high potassium content, which is important for maintaining the electrolyte balance in your body, it keeps your body’s liquids balanced.

3. Strengthens Your Immunity
Cumin is also packed with iron, which is important for optimal functioning of the immune system. Iron is essential for the production of red blood cells. Cumin is also rich in anti-oxidants, which fights against free radicals and lowers risks of infections.

4. Treats Anemia Naturally
Drinking cumin water regularly helps overcome anemia caused due to iron-deficiency. Lack of iron content alters the blood supply to various parts of the body, resulting in fatigue. So, it’s no coincidence that people who drink cumin water regularly, do not suffer from anemia.

5. Regulates Blood Pressure
Potassium-rich cumin water helps regulate the fluid and electrolyte balance in your body, which maintains your blood pressure. Drinking a glass of cumin water on an empty stomach is an effective treatment for those with high blood pressure or heart diseases. Potassium also helps maintain a healthy heart rate and improves heart function.

6. Causes Weight Loss
Cumin water can also help you lose weight by boosting your metabolism. As it is rich in fiber, it suppresses your appetite and prevents you from cravings. It also acts as a powerful detoxifying agent and helps you detoxify toxins that make it difficult for you to lose weight.

7. Regulates The Blood Sugar Level
Cumin water can regulate the blood sugar level in your body and bring it back to normal. It thus works as a natural anti-diabetic treatment option. But cumin water might jeopardize the sugar levels during surgery. So make sure you stop drinking it at least about 2 weeks before surgery.

8. Prevents Cancer
Cumin contains a compound called thymoquinone, which stops the growth of cancerous cells. This effect has specifically been observed in prostate cancer. Drink a glass of cumin water every day and it might just work as a brilliant complementary medicine for cancer.

9. Pampers Your Skin
The antioxidants present in cumin water clears toxins from the body, which can aggravate acne and blemishes. Drinking cumin water facilitates absorption of nutrients and detoxifies your skin. Vitamins E and A in cumin water magnify its anti-aging effects and make your skin smooth and clear.

So, there you are. Cumin water is extremely simple and easy to prepare. It is excellent for promoting digestion and is widely used in numerous Indian cuisines. Try drinking cumin water for a few days and see the dramatic transformation your body goes through.

President Trump says he’s close to making final Supreme Court decision

President Trump on Sunday said he’s “getting very close to making a final decision” about his choice to replace retiring Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy.

Trump told reporters in New Jersey, where the president spent the weekend, that he expects to make a decision either Sunday night or by noon on Monday.

“We are close to making a decision,” Trump said. “It’s, well let’s just say it’s the four people. Every one you can’t go wrong.”

Trump appeared to be referencing four judges who are considered the front-runners to be nominated: Amy Coney Barrett, Thomas Hardiman, Brett Kavanaugh and Raymond Kethledge.

Trump is scheduled to announce his choice on Monday at 9 p.m.

The president spoke with at least seven candidates last week for the looming Supreme Court vacancy, though the White House only identified one individual: Sen. Mike Lee (R-Utah), who is not considered to be among Trump’s preferred choices.

As Barrett, Hardiman, Kavanaugh and Kethledge emerged as the likeliest choices in recent days, Republicans have begun to rally around each of them and expressed optimism that each one could be confirmed in the Senate.

“Republicans are holding four lottery tickets, and all of them are winners. If you’re a conservative Republican, the four people named … are all winners, and every Republican should embrace these picks,” Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) said on “Fox News Sunday.”

The New York Times reported Saturday that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) suggested to Trump that Hardiman and Kethledge might face less opposition in a confirmation hearing battle.

Thailand cave rescue: navy Seals confirm four boys have been rescued

Four boys from a group of 12 children who have been trapped inside a cave in northern Thailand for more than two weeks have been freed, authorities have confirmed.

“Today was the best situation – in terms of kids’ health, water and our rescue readiness,”Narongsak Osatanakorn, the head of the joint command centre coordinating the rescue, said at a press briefing on Sunday. “Four have been [brought] out from the cave site, four have been rescued. We consider that a great success.”

He said the operation, which was launched at 10am on Sunday, had proceeded hours faster than expected. “It has been our masterpiece work,” he said.

The first boy emerged from the cave at 5.40pm, followed by a second 10 to 12 minutes later, he said. “After that, a third and fourth at 7.40pm and 7.50pm.”

How they are getting the boys out

After completing the 3.2km journey through the muddy, jagged cave, the divers turned and hugged the boys, who emerged wearing full-face scuba masks, he said.

All four boys had safely reached a hospital in Chiang Rai, the nearest major city, he added. He did not name which four of the boys were removed first, nor the basis on which they were selected.

Ninety divers were involved in Sunday’s operation, 50 foreigners and 40 Thais.

“Our job is not completely done,” Osatanakorn said. “We will have to do the next mission as successfully as the one we did today. The rest of the kids are in the same spot.”

The remaining eight boys and their 25-year-old coach would be brought out in further operations starting in the morning.

“Air tanks and systems have to be put in place again,” Osatanakorn said. “I can’t tell you exact timing of the next operation but I can say it will be more than 10 hours to 20 hours. It will not be more than 20 hours. I have to check all factors are stable. The operation then will be carried out.”

Thailand cave rescue: navy Seals confirm four boys have been rescued – live
Read more
The extraction of the four boys took place more than two hours earlier than the most optimistic deadline set by rescue authorities on Sunday morning.

Rain on Saturday evening and throughout Sunday was thought to be the catalyst for starting the rescue operation but appears not to have halted or significantly slowed its progress.

The extraction began at 10am on Sunday morning when 10 divers from an international team started making the 3.2km journey to the muddy slope where the boys have been sheltering.

They were joined by three more divers on Sunday afternoon and a team of rescue workers helping to run a rope system in more difficult stretches of the cave, as well as five Thai navy Seals.

The journey time
Osatanakorn had said Sunday morning was the most opportune time to launch the operation, citing the perfect weather, water and the kids’ readiness, physical and mental”.

“Today we are most ready,” Osatanakorn said earlier on Sunday. “Today is D-Day,” he said.

Trump praises US for role in Thai cave rescue

President Trump on Sunday praised the U.S. for its role in the rescue of members of a youth soccer team from a cave in Thailand.

“The U.S. is working very closely with the Government of Thailand to help get all of the children out of the cave and to safety,” he tweeted. “Very brave and talented people!”

This is Trump’s first comment on the rescue, and he did not provide specifics on the U.S.’s role in it. The Hill has reached out to the White House for comment.

A team of military personnel from the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command is assisting Royal Thai Navy SEAL divers in the search and rescue, along with elite British divers and other Thai military.

The president’s tweet came soon after several reports that the first boys had been successfully extracted from the Tham Luang cave complex.

The first members of the team were extracted from the cave Sunday, about eight hours after the rescue efforts began.

The rescue of all 12 boys and their coach could take days, according to officials.

Amazing Simple Way to Check Your Health in One Minute

As the people who living in the modern society, we don’t have much more time to consider our health untill we are suffering from decease.
Here are simple tips that you can know about your health within a minute.

STEP 01: Pass the spoon over the whole surface of your tounge.

STEP 02: Put the spoon in a clear packet.

STEP 03: Place it under some light.

STEP 04: After one minute check the spoon.

POINT 01: A clean spoon without blotches or an unpleasant smell.

No Problems with your health.

POINT 02: An odor is present.

2.1: It’s putrid and sharp.
Problems with your lungs or stomatch.
2.2: It’s sweet.
You may be diabetic.
2.3: There’s a smell of ammonia.
You have kidney problems.

POINT 03: There are blotches.
3.1: Yellow Blotches

The work of your thyroid is disrupted.

3.2: Purple blotches.

Bronchitis, poor blood circulation, raised cholesterol levels.

3.3: White blotches.

A respiratory infection is present.

3.4: Orrange blotches.

Kidney problems.

Trump wants Twitter to remove New York Times and Washington Post as site cracks down on fake accounts

As Twitter cracks down on fake profiles, president Donald Trump has a suggestion for which accounts the social media site needs to target next: The Washington Post and New York Times.

In a bizarre tweet on Saturday morning, POTUS lashed out at the Post and the Times asking if Twitter will get rid of them. The president then predicted that both newspapers will be out of business soon.

‘Twitter is getting rid of fake accounts at a record pace,’ Trump posted to his 53million followers.

‘Will that include the Failing New York Times and propaganda machine for Amazon, the Washington Post, who constantly quote anonymous sources that, in my opinion, don’t exist. – They will both be out of business in 7 years!’

Twitter has stepped up its efforts to remove bogus accounts in recent months amid criticism of harassment and increased scrutiny over reports about how Russian bots tried to manipulate the platform during the 2016 presidential election.

According to the Post, the social networking site suspended more than 70million accounts in May and June.

Trump has long been critical of what he calls ‘fake’ media outlets.

During a speech on Thursday, the president lashed calling journalists ‘downright dishonest’ and ‘really bad people’.

‘I see the way they write,’ he said during a rally in Montana. ‘They’re so damn dishonest. And I don’t mean all of them, because some of the finest people I know are journalists really. Hard to believe when I say that. I hate to say it, but I have to say it. But 75 per cent of those people are downright dishonest. Downright dishonest. They’re fake. They’re fake.’

He continued: ‘They make the sources up. They don’t exist in many cases. These are really bad people;.

What Need For A Healthy, Long Life?

I’m often asked for medical advice by friends, family members, even new acquaintances: What about this diet? What should I do about this symptom? What about this medication?

People are usually disappointed when I don’t share their enthusiasm about the latest health fads. Members of my family, in particular, are often underwhelmed by my medical advice.

I’ll be the first to admit that I don’t always do a great job of conveying why I’m skeptical about the newest medical technology, reports of the latest health news and fashions and even people’s symptoms. Mostly it’s because in my experience, so much about health just isn’t that simple.

Most symptoms, after all, aren’t explainable, at least to the level of detail we all seem to want. “What’s causing my symptoms?” friends, family and patients ask me. Is it a virus? Bacteria? Arterial blockage?

In spite of all the science and technology in medicine, what we doctors do is more about making educated guesses. Especially in primary care, it’s often a matter of playing the probabilities more than providing precise diagnostic information.

But prevention is different. We know a lot about it, based on huge bodies of epidemiological research. Most of prevention is fairly straightforward. You’ve heard the advice again and again. In fact, the repetition may make it easy to tune out.

I’ll risk it, though, and tell you again that there really aren’t shortcuts to health. Here’s what you need to do:

Get enough sleep.
Move your body throughout the day.
Eat well — a healthy assortment of foods. Mostly plants, and not too much. (An idea popularized by author Michael Pollan.)
Interact socially. Isolation is not good for the body, soul or mind.
Take some time to reflect on what you are grateful for.

Recently I’ve come across a couple of sources that do a good job of conveying these messages. One is a set of books and ideas about the world’s so-called Blue Zones. If you haven’t heard about them, Blue Zones are the places in the world where people both have the healthiest and longest lives.

People in these communities often live well beyond 100 years:

Okinawa, Japan
Ikaria, Greece
Sardinia, Italy
Nicoya, Costa Rica
Loma Linda, Calif.

In these places, people have preventive medicine baked into their lives, mostly without even having to think about it. Their daily activities involve eating healthful diets rich in local plants, walking most places, and lots of intergenerational social interaction.

Interestingly, folks in these communities generally do drink alcohol. But they limit it to one or two drinks a day. Also, they typically do eat meat — but not very often and in small portions. (Loma Linda may be a bit of an exception, with its large population of Seventh-day Adventists.)

One thing that probably won’t surprise you: Blue Zoners do not eat refined sugars. They skip the convenient packaged foods that we’re trained to eat because they’re cheap and widely available.

Summarizing these themes visually in under two minutes is another gem from the idea lab of Dr. Mike Evans from Toronto. You’ve seen some of his other videos here. I love them. Just watch the one below, and follow his advice. That’s what I’m trying to do in my own life.

John Henning Schumann is a writer and doctor in Tulsa, Okla. He serves as president of the University of Oklahoma, Tulsa. He also hosts Public Radio Tulsa’s Medical Matters